Assessing the Potential for Environmental Fiscal Reform in the EU-28
The report for the European Commission DG Environment explores the potential benefits of environmental tax reforms across all of the 28 EU Member States.
This study, undertaken by a consortium led by Eunomia Research & Consulting (Eunomia) in conjunction with the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), Aarhus University, ENT Environment and Management and Denkstatt, builds on previous research on this subject. The intention of the study is to estimate the revenues that could be derived from environmental taxes in the member states if they applied proposed rates based on the good practices across different taxes.
As well as including updated tax data and adding reports for Portugal and Luxembourg (to give full member state coverage), the study also added a political feasibility assessment. Recognising that the feasibility of proposed reforms will vary between member states, a political feasibility scenario was identified for each reform. Drawing on interviews with member state representatives this added political realism and plausible time frames for suggested reforms.
The full report can be found on the DG Environment website.