Instruments for Sustainable Transport in Europe: Potential, Contributions and Possible Effects, a report for the Swedish EPA

This report develops the work undertaken by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SwEPA) on an Environmentally Sustainable Transport System for Europe (SwEPA, 1996). It identifies a list of potential instruments, which could be used to move towards a more environmentally sustainable transport system. It then identifies potential interactions between these instruments, as well as the potential effects and costs to society associated with their implementation. This is an important step towards the development of a sustainable transport system in Europe and is fundamental to the development of packages of policies to improve the sustainability of the transport system which is the next stage of SwEPA’s work programme.