Guide to EU Institutions

The Main EU Institutions

The European Council

www.consilium.europa.eu/en/european-council

Brings together the Heads of State or Government from each Member State at least twice a year, to provide overall strategic direction and general political guidance. The European Council does not exercise legislative functions.
For more information, please refer to our Council guide.

The Council of the European Union

www.consilium.europa.eu

Represents the EU Member States and is comprised of national Ministers. It has a seat in Brussels, where it meets several times a month in different ‘formations’, depending on the policy area in question. Some meetings are also held in Luxembourg.
For more information, please refer to our Council guide.

The European Commission

www.ec.europa.eu/commission

An independent political body which represents the European interest common to all Member States. The College of Commissioners is supported by a multinational staff, referred to as the Commission services, the ‘civil service’ of the EU. The Commission has offices in Brussels and Luxembourg.
For more information, please refer to our European Commission guide.