Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
Biodiversity & Climate Change
Biodiversity is likely to be profoundly affected by the direct impacts of climate change (changing temperatures, rainfall and increased extreme events) and by the indirect impacts from ecosystem disruption and some human actions to mitigate climate impacts (such as some renewable energy technologies) and to adapt to them (eg hard flood defences, increasing water storage and abstraction). However, biodiversity is part of the solution to climate change because healthy, intact ecosystems trap and sequester carbon, retain water, prevent soil erosion and provide protection from extreme weather. IEEP’s work supports both biodiversity adaptation, and ecosystem-based mitigation and adaptation.
To help reduce climate impacts through mitigation and adaptation, IEEP has conducted studies of the potential impacts of all the major energy production technologies on biodiversity, assessed the potential for reducing impacts on biodiversity from wind power, and biomass and biofuel production (eg through improved policy measures, strategic planning, and the use of sustainability criteria). We have also contributed to studies that have assessed the potential for policy measures to contribute to biodiversity adaptation within Natura 2000 sites and in the wider environment.
Agriculture is out of the green list for climate action, risking its access to much needed private capital to support the sector in both its sustainability transition and in responding to the adaptation needs in light of a changing climate.
This briefing provides an overview of the wide range of socio-economic benefits that nature-based solutions can achieve alongside addressing the intertwined climate change and biodiversity loss crises.
There is unprecedented political momentum and window of opportunity for scaling up nature-based solutions for climate and well-being, with the existing experience base providing a solid foundation for this. Action on two fronts is required in creating an enabling environment to scale up existing initiatives and projects while developing a strategic vision and global movement for nature-based solutions.
Today we celebrate the International Day for Biological Diversity aiming at increasing understanding of the diversity of life on the planet and awareness of its importance for human development. IEEP takes the opportunity to share some key positive lessons from recent EU biodiversity action and identify key remaining challenges towards 2030.
The study reviews evidence of the impacts of UK's low carbon energy policy on biodiversity in the UK and abroad, and incorporates biodiversity effects of low carbon energy scenarios into the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change 2050 pathway calculator tool.
Co-authored by IEEP staff, the Manual is for anyone who is considering or currently undertaking a TEEB country study. Its purpose is to provide guidance throughout the entire TCS cycle, from initiation to policy analysis and ecosystem service valuations, communicating findings, and using results to support decision making.
This guidance document has been prepared to support practitioners of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans to update their plans to incorporate biodiversity and ecosystem service values. Six in depth country case studies provide common lessons of good practice.
IEEP has just produced a roadmap and guidance document to help practitioners to incorporate biodiversity and ecosystem values into their NBSAPs. See case study examples and tune into the webinars on June 5 and 7.
This new IEEP-authored report highlighting the importance of nature to the economy aims to clarify and help mainstream nature’s role in the transition to a green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.
This IEEP-led study for the European Commission (DG ENV) improves the knowledge base on green infrastructure policy initiatives in Europe and assesses their implementation and efficiency. It also formulates policy recommendations for integrating green infrastructure into the EU policy framework.
This series of reports reviewed evidence of climate change impacts on biodiversity in Europe, including vulnerable species across the Natura 2000 network, and identified policy measures that may facilitate biodiversity adaptation in the EU. The project also assessed the potential impacts of renewable energy technologies on Natura sites and their species.