Climate change is happening. Our water, food, nature and weather are all affected and it’s vital to learn how to adapt to these changes, to maintain our security and quality of life. Alongside IEEP’s work to support policies and actions to reduce the severity of future changes to the climate (mitigation), we contribute to the development of effective policy addressing the challenges of adaptation to climate change.
Building resilience to climate induced changes is an important focus of the EU policy on adaptation to climate change, following the release of a Commission White Paper on the subject in April 2009.
The availability of water for drinking, for growing our food and for producing our energy; the suitability of land for producing our food and building our houses; and the health of the ecosystems we rely on (such as the forests which filter our air and the wetlands which protect us from floods) are all affected. This is why adapting to climate change is something that all sectors and policy areas must address: the issue must be ‘mainstreamed’ in policy-making.
Counting the cost of adaptation
We undertake in work for DG CLIMA to support the capacity of governments to account for adaptation related expenditure, to help to strengthen the knowledge base on adaptation which the EU White Paper recognised as weak and fragmented. This work examines existing methodologies for classifying and costing adaptation measures with a view to establishing categories to track expenditure on adaptation, and highlighting promising methodologies for determining the costs of adaptation measures.
Climate-proofing the EU Budget
The challenging issue of how to reflect the political priority of climate change in the EU Budget also includes adaptation. IEEP is working to understand how ‘climate proofing’ can be operationalised in the context of the EU budget.
IEEP’s biodiversity work includes three linked investigations in the UK to inform policy making and land management decisions concerning climate change and protected sites, as well as considerations towards managing adaptation and mitigation needs.
Under our contract to provide information and briefings to the European Parliament, we have provided advice on how best to engage developing countries in the international climate change negotiations. This has included analysis of the conflicting pressures facing developing countries and analysis of adaptation needs versus ongoing support mechanisms.
The UN Climate Action Summit on 23 September highlighted and confirmed the significant gap between current climate action and the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) cuts needed to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.
Ahead of the New York Climate Summit, the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and its partners are hosting a side event in New York on September 19-21. As one of the partners, IEEP drafted a background paper on climate justice in the build-up to the event.
Anthropogenic climate change is a product of our patterns of behaviour and the choices we make; whether as consumers or, in the case of farmers, as land managers and producers. This session convened by IEEP at COP24 of the UNFCCC identified the common threads that could help in changing our behaviour and in the transformation of the agricultural sector. Read more and download presentations here.
In a recently publicly published book chapter, Jean-Pierre Schweitzer and IEEP’s Susanna Gionfra brought together evidence of how nature-based education, utilizing green infrastructure and protected areas, presents an opportunity to mitigate the impacts of environmental and socio-economic challenges faced by urban citizens.
Leading up to IEEP's Think 2030 conference, experts express their views on Europe's most pressing sustainability issues in the Think 2030 blog series, Pathways to 2030.
The second edition of Pathways to 2030 features Johanna Nyman, Policy Analyst for IEEP, who discusses the urgent need of climate change and ecosystem degradation to be considered as security risks to international peace and security.
In a study for the European Parliament’s REGI Committee, IEEP examined the experience of climate mainstreaming in Cohesion Policy in the current and previous programming periods and identified the implications of the Paris Agreement in order to offer recommendations for future climate mainstreaming in the post-2020 Cohesion Policy.
This is a chapter of IEEP’s Manual of European Environmental Policy. This chapter on EU climate change policy outlines the initial EU programme to stabilise CO2 emissions in the EU with explanations of the directives, decisions and legislation that were employed to improve energy efficiency and reduce emissions.
The UK Government’s Balance of Competences review has now taken evidence on 25 subject areas, including the 6 with the most relevance for the Environment. We take stock of the IEEP’s contributions, and consider what a possible UK renegotiation might mean for the environment.
The Commission has suggested major changes in policy for 2030, with fewer binding targets. An institute briefing offers an analysis of what is proposed and sets out some proposals of where the package of measures could be strengthened, especially in relation to renewable energy and energy conservation.
IEEP has just completed a new report on the impacts of climate change on European islands underling the very concrete risks islands are facing as a result of higher temperatures, changed rainfall regimes, weather extremes, and sea level rise.
Can sustainable management of natural resources in Europe’s agricultural sector contribute to sustainable water use? What other sectors have a role to play in significantly improving water use across Europe and what are the good practices and tools that are available? A new report for the European Parliament explores these questions.
Investments in nature and green infrastructure have helped meet Cohesion Policy objectives and vice-versa. This new guide presents some examples, tools and approaches making it a useful toolkit for stakeholders implementing Cohesion Policy up to 2020.
The Commission has published two key technical guidance documents on climate proofing of Cohesion Policy and CAP expenditure as part of the Adaptation Strategy Package. Guidance builds on work carried out by a consortium led by IEEP.