Climate change is happening. Our water, food, nature and weather are all affected and it’s vital to learn how to adapt to these changes, to maintain our security and quality of life. Alongside IEEP’s work to support policies and actions to reduce the severity of future changes to the climate (mitigation), we contribute to the development of effective policy addressing the challenges of adaptation to climate change.
Building resilience to climate induced changes is an important focus of the EU policy on adaptation to climate change, following the release of a Commission White Paper on the subject in April 2009.
The availability of water for drinking, for growing our food and for producing our energy; the suitability of land for producing our food and building our houses; and the health of the ecosystems we rely on (such as the forests which filter our air and the wetlands which protect us from floods) are all affected. This is why adapting to climate change is something that all sectors and policy areas must address: the issue must be ‘mainstreamed’ in policy-making.
Counting the cost of adaptation
We undertake in work for DG CLIMA to support the capacity of governments to account for adaptation related expenditure, to help to strengthen the knowledge base on adaptation which the EU White Paper recognised as weak and fragmented. This work examines existing methodologies for classifying and costing adaptation measures with a view to establishing categories to track expenditure on adaptation, and highlighting promising methodologies for determining the costs of adaptation measures.
Climate-proofing the EU Budget
The challenging issue of how to reflect the political priority of climate change in the EU Budget also includes adaptation. IEEP is working to understand how ‘climate proofing’ can be operationalised in the context of the EU budget.
IEEP’s biodiversity work includes three linked investigations in the UK to inform policy making and land management decisions concerning climate change and protected sites, as well as considerations towards managing adaptation and mitigation needs.
Under our contract to provide information and briefings to the European Parliament, we have provided advice on how best to engage developing countries in the international climate change negotiations. This has included analysis of the conflicting pressures facing developing countries and analysis of adaptation needs versus ongoing support mechanisms.
The proposed EU regulation for nature restoration offers a unique opportunity to tackle both biodiversity loss and climate change through an integrated approach. Restoring ecosystems is essential to safeguard their carbon storage and enhance their sequestration capacities as well as increasing resilience and adaptability to the impacts of climate change. This policy brief highlights the key contributions that the proposed regulation can make to mitigating and adapting to climate change.
While world leaders are currently preparing themselves for yet another UN Climate Change Conference – COP27 in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, the Institute for European Environmental Policy calls for decision-makers to address the need for a paradigm shift in economic, social, and environmental policies.
The Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence proposal has the potential to transform the way business is conducted in Europe. Consideration of climate change-related adverse human rights and environmental impacts should be central to due diligence frameworks in general and to the Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence (CSDD) proposal in particular.
When Ursula von der Leyen presented one of the most ambitious political projects to date in EU history, aiming at making Europe the first climate-neutral continent, nobody could imagine that just a few months later, an unprecedented pandemic would lock down the whole EU. Yet, and despite strong pushes to derail the European Green Deal agenda as an immediate reply to the crisis, the Green Deal stayed afloat and was even slightly boosted through the national recovery and resilient plans.
EU Member States recently published their National Recovery and Resilience Plans. These plans will form the basis of the lion’s share of EU spending to implement the European Green Deal, but cities have barely been consulted in drafting these plans.
The growing awareness among governments of the central role of climate change in public policy has led a number of administrations to develop mechanisms for a better understanding of how the public finance system prioritises climate policy outcomes.
This briefing provides an overview of the wide range of socio-economic benefits that nature-based solutions can achieve alongside addressing the intertwined climate change and biodiversity loss crises.
The UN Climate Action Summit on 23 September highlighted and confirmed the significant gap between current climate action and the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) cuts needed to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.
Ahead of the New York Climate Summit, the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and its partners are hosting a side event in New York on September 19-21. As one of the partners, IEEP drafted a background paper on climate justice in the build-up to the event.
Anthropogenic climate change is a product of our patterns of behaviour and the choices we make; whether as consumers or, in the case of farmers, as land managers and producers. This session convened by IEEP at COP24 of the UNFCCC identified the common threads that could help in changing our behaviour and in the transformation of the agricultural sector. Read more and download presentations here.
In a recently publicly published book chapter, Jean-Pierre Schweitzer and IEEP’s Susanna Gionfra brought together evidence of how nature-based education, utilizing green infrastructure and protected areas, presents an opportunity to mitigate the impacts of environmental and socio-economic challenges faced by urban citizens.
Leading up to IEEP's Think 2030 conference, experts express their views on Europe's most pressing sustainability issues in the Think 2030 blog series, Pathways to 2030.
The second edition of Pathways to 2030 features Johanna Nyman, Policy Analyst for IEEP, who discusses the urgent need of climate change and ecosystem degradation to be considered as security risks to international peace and security.