Railways and Atmospheric Emissions: Fuel Duty and Related Issues. A Discussion Paper from IEEP

This paper, commissioned from IEEP by the SRA, outlines some of the key atmospheric pollution issues facing the rail industry, sets out the policy background and presents some options for future progress. While the primary focus is on fuel duty and fiscal incentives, the paper begins with an overview of the atmospheric pollution issues for the rail industry. This is followed by a detailed account of the technical requirements in relation to fuel quality and diesel engine standards, as these are essential background for the discussion of taxes and incentives.