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Progress on implementing the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

AUTHORS: Gabrielle Aubert; Eline Blot; Nigel Dudley

This briefing, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Environment Committee, provides an overview of developments to date on the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF). It describes milestones and timeline for implementation, and critical issues currently affecting discussions and progress prior to the next Conference of the Parties (COP) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).  

The Parties will meet in October 2024 at COP16 to discuss progress on the agreement and to undertake a global analysis of their revised National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs). However, only a few have so far completed their national planning with the new global targets. The European Union has submitted its EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2030 as the EU NBSAP. 

The briefing looks at progress regarding developments and support for implementation across all the targets, including resource mobilisation and the monitoring framework and mechanisms for reporting and reviewing, which are crucial to ensuring the GBF’s success. Work is ongoing to develop headline indicators for the 23 targets, but some are still missing, and for others, methodologies and/or data are deficient. Mobilising adequate funding and increasing coherence and cooperation among the various initiatives remain critical challenges for the implementation of the GBF. 

The briefing also provides an outlook on progress toward achieving the GBF’s individual targets, which has been variable so far. A few targets have seen focused and collaborative action, but many of the less quantifiable targets appear to have made little progress and lack coordinated institutional support. The briefing should provide a guide to the outgoing and new Members of the European Parliament on what they should focus their attention on in the remaining time before the CBD COP16.  

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Progress on implementing the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (IEEP 2023)

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