Biodiversity and Ecosystems

For more information
on the IEEP Biodiversity and Ecosystems programme please contact:

Evelyn Underwood- IEEP Head of Programme, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Evelyn Underwood

Head of programme

EU biodiversity policy and instrument

The EU has a well-established biodiversity policy framework that has provided major benefits for biodiversity in Europe. At its heart are the Habitats Directive and Birds Directive, which have created the largest network of protected areas in the world – the Natura 2000 network.


IEEP has a strong track record of supporting the development, implementation, monitoring and enforcement of EU policy for biodiversity and ecosystem services.


Our work helps to strengthen the implementation of the EU Biodiversity Strategy, the Habitats and Birds Directives and the Natura 2000 network. We contribute to EU action on biodiversity by building up the evidence and knowledge base needed to step up action to implement existing EU policies and, where needed, to strengthen and reform EU policy frameworks. Through highlighting the benefits delivered by EU biodiversity initiatives and the cost of inaction, we aim to promote and enhance biodiversity conservation in Europe, and globally.

Key areas of work

The development, implementation, and assessment of the previous and current EU Biodiversity Strategy.

Nature protection: IEEP has extensive expertise on the implementation and evaluation of the EU Birds and Habitats Directives and the Natura 2000 network. 

Develop policy measures to help build a coherent Trans-European Network of protected areas. 

Nature restoration: evidence to support the development and implementation of the Commission’s proposal for a new EU Restoration Law.

Policies to tackle pressures on biodiversity such as invasive alien species and renewable energies.

EU and global financing of biodiversity. 

Addressing the barriers to effective and robust Marine Protected Areas.

Latest news

Governments have shown less political will to support biodiversity conservation targets than for climate targets, but the two are actually interdependent and should be tackled ...

Latest publications